Q&A.003.Can you explain who the Spirit is in 2 Corinthians 3 v16-17?
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“Nevertheless, when one turns to the Lord, the veil is taken away. Now the Lord is the Spirit and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty.”
The simple answer: this refers to the Holy Spirit of God. We read here in verse 17, “Now the Lord is the Spirit.” They’re making an equivalence now for a Jew of the first century, which the Apostle Paul was. He was a Christian with a Jewish background. That word, “Lord,” in Greek is “kyrios.” It had a very special significance to a first-century Jew. That was the word often used in their scriptures for Yahweh, the covenant God of Israel.
For Paul to say, “The Lord is the Spirit,” is to make an equivalence between Yahweh and the Holy Spirit. And then he goes on to say in verse 17, “Where the Spirit of the Lord is there is liberty,” speaking about the work of the Holy Spirit.
So yes, I would say that he’s speaking of the Holy Spirit. This is one of the passages that speak to us about the deity of the Holy Spirit, that there is one God — the Lord, Yahweh, the covenant God of Israel — in three persons: the person of the Father, the person of the Son, and the person of the Holy Spirit.